Wednesday, October 24, 2012
75th Anniv. of Finland's Unicameral Parliament 25.5.1982
The Parliament Act that came into force on 1 October 1906 was a monumental reform. It replaced the old Diet dating back to the 17th century with a 200-seat unicameral Parliament.
The new Parliament Act introduced universal suffrage. No longer was the right to vote dependent on social status or gender. The reform increased the electorate tenfold. The minimum age for voting and standing for election was set at 24.
When parliamentary elections were held in the spring of 1907, Finnish women became the first in the world to exercise full political rights, including the right to stand for election. Nineteen women were returned as MPs. The unicameral Parliament held its first session on 23 May.
The new Parliament Act called for Members of Parliament to be elected directly and by secret ballot according to a proportional system based on districts. Parliament began meeting annually, placing legislative work on a regular and permanent basis.
Thank you Pia for sending me this very informative FDC which was issued to commemorate the 75th Anniversary of the Finnish Parliament on 25.5.1982. The stamp shows the hall of Parliament and one of the sculptures there.