Saturday, April 25, 2015

60th Anniversary of the EOKA Cyprus Liberation Struggle 1955 - 1959.

This minisheet on the FDC commemorates the 60th Anniversary of the EOKA Cyprus Liberation Struggle 1955 - 1959.

EOKA was a Greek Cypriot nationalist guerrilla organisation that fought a campaign for the end of British rule in Cyprus, for the island's self-determination and for eventual union with Greece.
The United Kingdom had promised Greece unification with Cyprus if Greece would enter World War I on the side of the Allies; but the Greeks declined this invitation because KingConstantine I of Greece had been educated in Germany, was married to Sophia of Prussia, sister of Kaiser Wilhelm, and was convinced of the Central Powers' victory. Prime minister Eleftherios Venizelos on the other hand was an ardent anglophile, and believed in an Allied victory. After Venizelos' efforts to sway Constantine's opinion proved unsuccessful, the promise was never realised.

In the 1950s, EOKA was established having the specific aim to mount a military campaign to end the status of Cyprus as a British crown colony and achieve the island's unification with Greece. The leadership of AKEL at the time, the island's large communist party, opposed EOKA's military action, advocating a "Gandhiesque approach" of civil disobedience, such as workers' strikes and demonstrations. AKEL was previously involved in organising the plebiscite of 1950, where the vast majority of Greek Cypriots voted for union with Greece (98%).

The EOKA campaign lasted officially until 31 March 1959. After independence, EOKA fighters formed regional associations, such as "SAPEL"(Union of Fighters of Limassol and district"), that have been participating in commemorations, museum collections etc. In the 1990s, a dedicated old people's home for ex-EOKA fighters was constructed in the village of Palodhia, near Limassol.

Friday, April 24, 2015

Cyprus Sweets 2.4.2015

Preserves have always played in integral part in traditional Cyprus hospitality. The preservation of fruit and vegetables with sugar, as the main preserving agent has always been part of home economics especially at the villages. Products that were plentiful at times and sarce in others, either due to them being out of season or their market value too high could be processsed and used throughout the year. In our days, these products are used both domestically and on an industrial scale forming part of our export trade. These sweets were the first item to be offered to guests with visiting friends and acquiaintances.

Thursday, April 23, 2015

Melkonian school in Nicosia 2.4.2015

Symbolically, the pair of stamps with identical designs, depict the Melkonian school in Nicosia that originated as an orphanage in 1926 to shelter some 500 young survivors of the massacres. 

The Cyprus Post stamp, with a value of 64 cents, shows the historic school buildings with cypress saplings planted by the first orphans that have since blossomed and are as tall as nearby buildings along the main arterial Limassol Avenue.  

Wednesday, April 22, 2015

Intellectual Personalities 4.2.2015

(1.00) Georgios S. Frangoudes. He was born in Limassol in 1869 and died in Athens in 1939. An inspired visionary, determined to contribute to the people of Cyprus and Greece, he established the Panteion School of Political Sciences in Greece and was a professor and its first headmaster. He studied law at the University of Athens and at the School of Political Sciences in Paris. He was also the Chairman of the Association of Patriotic Cypriots" in Greece. He was a Member of Parliament and Speaker of the Hellenic Parliament and made a great effort to modernise the Hellenic state. In addition to his political activities, he was actively involved in journalism, advocacy and education. In 1901, to promote Cyprus and its traditions, he organised a Cypriot exhibition at Zappeio in Athens. He edited the "Metarythmisi" newspaper in Athens and, due to his scathing articles against those who resisted reform, there were two unsuccessful attempts on his life. He is the author of several studies, literary articles and a significant body of translated work.

(1.00) Porfyrios Dikaios. He was born in Nicosia in 1904 and died in Heidelberg in Germany in 1971. He studied Archaeology at the University of Athens and at the Sorbonne and in Lyon. He was assistant curator at the Cyprus Museum at the age of 25 and from 1951 to his retirement in 1963, he was Director of the Cyprus Antiquities Department. After his retirement, he taught at Universities in America and Heidelberg. His extensive excavations started in 1951 and covered many areas and archaeological sites in Cyprus (Choirokitia, Filia, Vouni, Engomi, Kalavasos, and Sotira). The findings of his excavations in ancient Engomi were published in four volumes in Germany between 1969-1971. He wrote many archaeological articles and studies on the findings of excavations and gave numerous lectured on pre-historic Cyprus at many Universities in Europe, the USA and other countries. He held a number of honorary titles and was a corresponding member of the Heidelberg Academy.

(1.50) Nicos Pantelides. He was born in Nicosia in 1906 and died in 1984. He was a comic actor of the Cypriot theatre and spread laughter with his inherent talent. At the same time he excelled as a director. He is considered a pillar of Cypriot theatre. His performances, as a member of the cast of the Papademetri troupe and "Thiaso Yeliou" (which he founded) in the 60's, were remarkable. He also excelled in the cinema, acting in six films in his time. He was a key member of the Cyprus Theatre Development Organisation (O.TH.A.K.), which merged with the Theatre Organisation of Cyprus after 1961, playing important roles in memorable performances. He cooperated with CyBC, taking part in "Theatrical Memories" in 1972, in Cypriot sketches, televised series and other programmes. He was highly respected by theatre lovers and his colleagues who appointed him Chairman of their Association.

(1.50) Pavlos Xioutas. He was born in Kato Paphos in 1908 and died in 1991. He studied literature at the University of Athens and worked as a teacher in many schools. A scholar, author of many works and folklorist, he left behind a remarkable body of work. He was a very progressive person for his era and he truly loved the common man of Cyprus. He had innovative ideas for his time. The cypriot people owe him much for the survival of these proverbs (Sayings). In his rich three-volume work, he collected, presented, classified and analysed more than 1500 Cypriot sayings. He was actively involved with the people and fought against British colonialism. He was the leader in establishing the Society of Cypriot Studies in 1936. He translated works of Ancient Greek writers. In 1983 the Academy of Athens presented him with an award for his thesis on "Cypriot Folklore of Animals".

Tuesday, April 21, 2015

Intellectual Personalities 4.2.2015

(0.60) Kyriakos Hadjioannou. He was born in Achna in 1909 and died in 1997. He was a teacher, writer, researcher and folklorist. He studied at the School of Philosophy at the University of Athens. He excelled in all areas of his professional career as a teacher for his clarity and methodology in teaching and was particularly loved by his pupils. Between 1960-1963 he was appointed as the first Ambassador of the Republic of Cyprus to Cairo. He gave many lectures to associations, clubs in Cyprus and abroad, and to international academic conferences on folklore, historical, archaeological, linguistic, educational and other matters. His literary work centred on Cyprus is immense and it has earned him his place as the island's leading intellectual author. His five-volume work, "Ancient Cyprus in Greek Sources" is particularly remarkable. This received an award from the Academy in Athens and the Greek intellectual Group of Cyprus. In 1965 he received the title of doctorate from the University of Athens. He received many other distinctions not only from his homeland but also from abroad.

(0.60) Polyxeni Loizia. She was born in Limassol in 1855 and died in 1942. She went to school in Limassol and then studied in Smyurni and Constantinople. After 1878 she came to Cyprus to begin her teaching career, and was renowned for her invaluable services in educating girls. She was the Headmistress of the Limassol School for Girls (1878-1914) and a religious instruction teacher (1914-1923). In addition to her contribution to teaching, she contributed greatly as a feminist towards the empowerment of women. She was invovled in varied social and intellectual activities. She founded "Palladion", the Girl's gymnasium in Limassol and edited an intellectual magazine, under the same name, between 1924 and 1936. She also founded the first women's association in Limassol. She is considetered the first female Cypriot literary writer, who lived and worked in Cyprus. In addition to poetry, she wrote plays, school textbooks and educastional studies. Her work is national with educational content and her poetry is lyrical and patriotic.

(0.75) Loizos Philippou. He was born in Paphos in 1895 and died in 1950. A scholar, historian, researcher, educator and publisher, he was a noted intellectual and social factor in his birthplace and through his intense activity turning it into an intellectual centre during his life time. Although he studied law, he made a significant contribution to Cypriot history and literary research. He wrote numerous scientific studies, edited the newspaper "Paphos" for 20 years as well as the intellectual magazine of the same name. His work on the history of Greek literature in Cyprus during the Turkish occupation is memorable. He was the founder, inspector and leader of the Paphos Scouts Association. His diverse national activities were always related to the survival of Hellenism in Cyprus. He was an active member of the Paphos District Games Association, the National Council and founder and Chairman of "Korivos", the Gymnastics School and of the Paphos District Archaeological Museum.

(0.75) Persefoni Papadopoulou. She was born in Ktima, Paphos, in 1888 and died in Patra, in Pelloponisos in 1948. She graduated from the Arsakeio School in Athens with excellence and immediately started work as a teacher in Famagusta and then in Larnaca as the Headmistress of the town's school. She continued her studies in France and upon he return worked at a Girl's School in Nicosia. After the October uprising in 1931 she took on the management of the Arsakeio Academy in Patra until her death. She was not only the most prominent Greek teacher of her era, but a significant intellectual figure and leading feminist, to whom female educationowes a great deal. She founded "Estiades", the first women's newspaper in Cyprus, which she edited after 1915, taking on the preconceived prejudices and mentalities of her era. She also established a number of women's associations in Famagusta and Larnaca, with a national, educational and progressive purpose. At the same time, she was a remarkable writer whose works include textbooks, poetry, articles and studies of a literary, educational and enternaining nature.

Monday, April 20, 2015

Intellectual Personalities 4.2.2015

The next lot of 12 stamps on Intellectual Personalities were issued on 4.2.2015. 

(0.04) Adamantios Diamantis. He was born in Nicosia in 1900 and died in 1994. A great artist, whose name is synonymous with modern Cypriot art. He captured on canvas the authentic world of Cyprus and as an art teacher he taught one generation after another at the Morphou Teaching College and in schools in Nicosia and has inspired young yet unrecognised local artists. He developed a rich social and cultural influence. As a member of the Society of Cypriot studies, he was involved in the collection of local works of art and in organising the Cyprus Folk Art Museum, of which he was the Director from the time of its establishment. His works of art were exhibited in many solo, group and thematic exhibitions and now adorn many galleries in Cyprus and Greece. His friend, George Seferis, a Noble prize-winning poet, dedicated his poem "Details in Cyprus" to him. In 1993 the Cyprus State bestowed on him the Award for Excellence in Letters and the Arts.

(0.04) Theodosis Pierides. He was born in Tseri in 1908 and died in Bucharest in 1968. An important, left-wing figure and idealist poet, who served with steadfastness the principles of peace and the brotherhood of peoples. He is the brother of George Philippou Pierides, the great Cypriot prose writer. he was initially active in Egypt, where his family lived and form a young age took an active part in social struggles and in the anti-Nazi struggle during the 2nd World War. In the summer of 1947 he came and settled in Famagusta and then went on to Bucharest, only to return to Cyprus after it was declared an independent state in 1960. He used traditional verse and also free verse. His poetry in robust and is characterised by a deep faith and love for man but also for his birthplace, Cyprus. The peak of his poetry is his poem "Cyprus Symphony". He was also involved in journalism and criticism.

(0.50)Maria Rousia. She was born in Cairo in 1894, to parents of Cypriot descent, and after 1914 she lived in Alexandria where she died in 1957. She published articles in "Tahidromos" a newspaper in Alexandria, on social matters; she also wrote articles regarding a woman's place in society, on education and book reviews. She also published travel reviews on Cyprus and Greece, and translated literary works. She was a volunteer nurse in the 2nd World War for the Greek Army in the Middle East. She wrote inspirational letters by the thousand which were sent to soldiers fighting at the front together with socks, jumpers and other letters she published under the pen name "Sister of the Soldier". Between 1939-1956 she was associated with "Cypriot Letters", a magazine, in which she published a total of 26 stories. She also edited a book of essays and other story books and novels. Her work had favourable reviews from eminent artists of her time.

(0.50) Melis Nicolaides. He was born in Larnaca in 1892, having attended the Urban School and the five class semi-gymnasium in the same town. He worked as a teacher on a temporary basis and then became an employee of the Metropolis of Kitium. He emigrated to Athens at a very young age and lived there till the end of his life. He died in 1979. In Athens he devoted himself to literature and all his professional activities were related to this subject. He established a bookshop, "Logotechnia", a publishing firm, and edited "Pnevmatiki Zoe", a literary magazine. He was a founding member of the Hellenic Literary Society and was its general secretary and chairman. He played a very active role in the intellectual life of Athens. He is considered a very important Cypriot prose writer and has great works to his name. In addition to stories and novels, he wrote travel books, plays, articles, speeches and a number of studies on intellectual subjects. Inspired by tradition his work is mainly social and religious, and that is why he was characterised as the "prose writer for the poor and humble, the honest and good people".

Sunday, April 19, 2015

Intellectual Personalities 10.10.2014

The 3rd FDC on Intellectual Personalities in Cyprus is on four stamps about :
(0.64) Antis Pernaris. He was born in Nicosia in 1903 and died in 1980. He was a poet, novelist, journalist and a theatre critic, one of the pioneers of the Cypriot literary generation of the 30's. His literary work is distinguished by its clarity of expression, its lyricism and dedication to the national folk tradition and its national character. Apart from poetry he also wrote stories, plays and studies. His journalistic activity was varied and remarkable, especially in his contribution to Cyprus education. His efforts to establish the demotic language in elementary education and the application of modern education precepts in the education of his birthplace, was quite significant and multifaceted. In 1970 the Ministry of Education and Culture presented him with the award for Overall Contribution to Greek literature in Cyprus.

(0.64) Kypros Chrysanthis. He was born in Nicosia in 1915 and died in 1998. He was a remarkable novelist making a diverse and extensive contribution to Cypriot literature. He was a doctor by profession and for many years was a school physician and a professor of hygiene at the Pancyprian Gymnasium and the Pedagogical Academy of Cyprus. He was a prolific writer and, in addition to poetry, was interested in prose writing, essays and even children's literature. For more than 30 years he was the editor in chief of "Pnevmatiki Kypros", a literary magazine. Over the span of 50 years of literary activity he contributed various articles to the daily press and magazines and was also the informative link on issues regarding intellectual creation between the Greek centre and Cyprus not only during the period of British rule but also following the establishment of the Republic of Cyprus.

(0.85) Costas Montis. A leading Cypriot writer. He was born in Famagusta in 1914 and died in 2004. His large collection of poems has set him apart as a remarkable poet. Many of his works have been included in anthologies, translated into foreign languages and many have been set to music. He wrote in the Greek demotic language and in the idiomatic Cypriot dialect. He also wrote prose and plays for the theatre. He wrote around 40 works for the stage, radio and television. His various satires and lyrics were very successful. He was also a journalist. His contribution in the field of anthologies is also significant. His literary achievement was honoured with the State Prize for Poetry in 1968 and in 1973 he was honoured with an Award for his Overall Contribution to Cypriot and Greek Literacy. In 1994 he was bestowed with the Award for Excellence in letters and the Arts by the Republic of Cyprus. In 1999 he was nominated for the Noble Prize by the School of Philosophy of the University of Cyprus and the Ministry of Education and Culture. In 2000 the Academy of Athens declared him a corresponding member. In 2001 he received an honorary doctorate from the University of Athens.

(0.85) Glafkos Alithersis. He was born in Limassol in 1897 and died in his birthplace in 1965. At the age of 16 he volunteered for the Greek army and fought in th4 Balkan War of 1913. After the war ended he returned to Cyprus and continued his studies ad the Pancyprian Gymnasium. He excelled as an athlete and was a Cyprus champion. He served as a gymnastics teacher in Alexandria where he had emigrated and where he spend his most creative years, always closely associated with Cypriot writers and regularly publishing in Cypriot magazines of the time. He particularly stood out for his poetic work which was multi-faceted and multi-dimensional and revealed in-depth research and reflection. In addition to poetry, he wrote prose, theatrical works essays and studies. His contribution to Cypriot prose is impressive, as was his contribution to modern Greek Letters.