Friday, July 31, 2015

EUROPA94 - Discoveries - Spain 5.5.1994

Severo Ochoa de Albornoz, Spanish - American Doctor of Medicine and Biochemist, and joint winner of the 1959 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Arthur Kornberg. A new research center that was planned in the 1970s, was finally built and named after Ochoa. The asteroid 117435 Severochoa is also named in his honour.

Miguel Antonio Catalán Sañudo (1894–1957) Spanish spectroscopist. The lunar crater Catalán is named after him. Born in Zaragoza, he obtained his degree in chemistry from the University of Zaragoza and received in doctorate in Madrid in 1917. In 1920, he began work as a researcher at Imperial College London. Examining the spectrum of the arc of manganese, he determined that the optical spectra of complex atoms consisted of groups of lines –which he called "multipletes"- between which existed certain characteristic regularities. Catalán demonstrated that study of the multipletes led to further understanding of the states of energy of atomic electrons.

Thursday, July 30, 2015

The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) - 25th Anniversary

The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) is an international economic organisation of 34 countries, founded in 1961 to stimulate economic progress and world trade. It is a forum of countries describing themselves as committed to democracy and the market economy, providing a platform to compare policy experiences, seeking answers to common problems, identify good practices and coordinate domestic and international policies of its members.
In 1961, the OEEC was reformed into the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development by the Convention on the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development and membership was extended to non-European states. Most OECD members are high-income economies with a very high Human Development Index (HDI) and are regarded as developed countries.

The OECD's headquarters are at the Château de la Muette in Paris, France. The stamp depicts the HQs of the OECD and also has a world map showing the countries in the OECD.

Wednesday, July 29, 2015

Sir Peter Paul Rubens - Madonna and Child 5.11.1977

Sir Peter Paul Rubens (28 June 1577 – 30 May 1640) was a Flemish Baroque painter. A proponent of an extravagant Baroque style that emphasized movement, colour, and sensuality, Rubens is well known for his Counter-Reformation altarpieces, portraits, landscapes, and history paintings of mythological and allegorical subjects.

In addition to running a large studio in Antwerp that produced paintings popular with nobility and art collectors throughout Europe, Rubens was a classically educated humanist scholar and diplomat who was knighted by both Philip IV of Spain and Charles I of England.

The stamp on this cover shows a famous painting “Madonna and Child” by Rubens.

Tuesday, July 28, 2015

Palacio de Augustin-Zulueta - Bendaña Palace holds a museum dedicated to Playing Cards 20.9.1994

Each of theseFDC two FDCs has two stamps of a set of four. Each of them displays one card from a deck of cards. These stamps were issued on the Inauguration of the Museum of Cards at Vitoria.

Unfortunately, Vitoria-Gasteiz is often overshadowed by the other more prominent Basque cities. But it has a lot to offer. It's down to earth and it's got soul. It also boasts the best preserved medieval center of all the Basque Cities and impressive renaissance architecture. Vitoria-Gasteiz isn’t on the tourist radar yet and that only adds to its appeal and authenticity.
The old town is home to several palaces as well. Bendaña and Escoriaza-Esquivel Palaces are two excellent examples of renaissance architecture that should not be missed. Bendaña Palace holds a museum dedicated to playing cards. It is a rather peculiar subject for a museum, but is none the less interesting. Outside of the old town there are a few “newer” palaces that are also worth a mention, such as the Palacio de Augustin-Zulueta, which now houses the Museo de Bellas Artes (Museum of Fine Art). Located directly across the way, is the Ajuria Enea Palace where the Lehendakari (President of the Spanish Basque Country) resides. This building is off limits to visitors, but you can still catch a glimpse of it from the outside.

The city has really expanded in recent years and since Vitoria isn’t limited by any geographical boundaries, it has been easy for it to grow outward. Vitoria has developed into a suburb of sorts but instead of houses there are apartment buildings. As a result there are lots of open green areas. The most notable is the “green ring” that encompasses the city. For its number of green spaces, Vitoria was named the Green Capital of Europe in 2012 by the European Commission. 

Thank you Merja for these lovely FDCs.

Sunday, July 26, 2015

Anniversary of the Introduction of Postal codes in Spain 1.6.1987

This stamp and cover were issued on 1.6.1987 on the Anniversary of the Introduction of Postal codes in Spain. These codes were introduced and standardized in Spain in 1976, when Correos (the national postal service of Spain) introduced automated mail sorting. The first two digits (ranging 01–52) of the postal code correspond to one of the fifty provinces of Spain (as listed in general alphabetical order, with some exceptions), plus the two autonomous cities on the African coast.
Large cities such as Madrid and Barcelona, were divided into postal districts (zonas in Spanish) similar to the arrondissement system in Paris. These former postal districts were incorporated into the five-digit postal code.
Thank you Merja.

Saturday, July 25, 2015

The United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC)22.101977

The United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC), constitutes one of the principal organs of the United Nations. It is responsible for coordinating the economic, social and related work of 14 UN specialized agencies, their functional commissions and five regional commissions. The ECOSOC has 54 members; it holds one four-week session each year in July.  
The ECOSOC serves as the central forum for discussing international economic and social issues, and for formulating policy recommendations addressed to member states and the United Nations system. A number of non-governmental organizations are granted consultative status to the Council in order to participate in the work of the United Nations.