Sunday, January 22, 2017
The Order of Saint- Charles 18.9.2008
There are four orders and four decorations of Monaco. These are:
Order of Saint-Charles, founded on 15 March 1858 by Prince Charles III and modified on 23 December 1966 by Prince Rainier III;
Order of the Crown, founded on 20 July 1960 and modified on 23 December 1966 by Prince Rainier III;
Order of Grimaldi, founded on 18 November 1954 and modified on 19 July 1960, as well 23 December 1966 by Prince Rainier III;
Order of Cultural Merit, founded on 31 December 1952 by Prince Rainier III;
Medal of Honour, created on 5 February 1894 by Prince Albert I, modified on 20 April 1925 by Prince Louis II, again modified on 13 November 1952 by Prince Rainier III;
Monaco Red Cross Medal, created on 16 October 1950 by Prince Rainier III;
Citation For Exceptional Service, created on 7 April 1951 and modified on 23 December 1966 by Prince Rainier III;
Monaco Blood Donor Medal, created on 30 July 1993 by Prince Rainier III.
These are awarded by the Prince of Monaco, currently Albert II, Prince of Monaco.
This FDC commemorates The Order of Saint- Charles. The Order of Saint-Charles is a dynastic order of knighthood established in Monaco on 15 March 1858. This order rewards service to the State or Prince. In particular cases, it may be granted to foreigners. It is awarded by the current Grand-Master, Prince Albert II.
Saturday, January 21, 2017
(40+20c) The European hedgehog (Erinaceus europaeus), also known as the West European hedgehog or common hedgehog, is a hedgehog species found in Europe, from Iberia and Italy northwar
ds into Scandinavia. It is a generally common and widely distributed species that can survive across a wide range of habitat types. It is a well-known species, and a favourite in European gardens, both for its endearing appearance and its preference for eating a range of garden pests. While populations are currently stable across much of its range, it is thought to be declining severely in Great Britain.
(46+20c) Agricultural education: book
(55+20c) Social security: crowd of people
(75+25c) The common frog (Rana temporaria), also known as the European common frog, European common brown frog, or European grass frog, is a semi-aquatic amphibian of the family Ranidae, found throughout much of Europe as far north as Scandinavia and as far east as the Urals, except for most of Iberia, southern Italy, and the southern Balkans. The farthest west it can be found is Ireland, where it has long been thought, erroneously, to be an entirely introduced species. They are also found in Asia, and eastward to Japan.
Friday, January 20, 2017
Former Fiefs of the Grimaldi of Monaco Count of Rosemont.
The Lordship of Rosemont (German Rosenfels) was a stronghold whose capital was, from its origin, located in the castle of the Rosemont, which can still be seen the ruins to Vescemont, in the North of the Territoire de Belfort. It was bordered to the North by the Massif des Vosges.
Thursday, January 19, 2017
Carlo Osvaldo Goldoni (25 February 1707 – 6 February 1793) was an Italian playwright and librettist from the Republic of Venice. His works include some of Italy's most famous and best-loved plays. Audiences have admired the plays of Goldoni for their ingenious mix of wit and honesty. His plays offered his contemporaries images of themselves, often dramatizing the lives, values, and conflicts of the emerging middle classes. Though he wrote in French and Italian, his plays make rich use of the Venetian language, regional vernacular, and colloquialisms. Goldoni also wrote under the pen name and title "Polisseno Fegeio, Pastor Arcade," which he claimed in his memoirs the "Arcadians of Rome" bestowed on him.
One of his best known works is the comic play Servant of Two Masters, which has been translated and adapted internationally numerous times. In 2011, Richard Bean adapted the play for the National Theatre of Great Britain as One Man, Two Guvnors. Its popularity led to a transfer to the West End and in 2012 to Broadway.
Thank you Merja.
Wednesday, January 18, 2017
Saint Devota (died ca. 303 AD) is the patron saint of Corsica and Monaco. She was killed during the persecutions of Diocletian and Maximian. She is sometimes identified with another Corsican saint named Julia, who was described in Latin as Deo devota ("devoted to God"). The description was misinterpreted as a proper name. The legend connected with her is similar to those told of other saints of the region, such as Saint Reparata and Saint Torpes.
Tuesday, January 17, 2017
Saint-Génis-des-Fontaines Abbey is a Benedictine abbey in Saint-Génis-des-Fontaines,
Pyrénées-Orientales, France. It was dedicated to Saint Genesius and Saint Michael, to whom the surviving church is still dedicated.
Monday, January 16, 2017
Although elevators are restricted in their range of travel, during the past century and a half they have greatly improved the way we live and work. As Lawrence J. Gavrich of Otis Elevator Company pointed out, "...Without the elevator...cities would not have been able to grow up as well as out...and structures like the Eiffel Tower and Empire State Building would be the stuff of science fiction.
The Transportation Series. A ground-breaking stamp was quietly issued on May 18, 1981. For the first time in U.S. history, a coil stamp featured its own unique design rather than simply copying that of the current definitive stamp. Fifty more coil stamps would be issued over the course of the next 15 years, each picturing a different mode of transportation.
The various denominations provided face values to exactly match the rates for several categories of Third Class mail (bulk rate and quanity-discounted mail). As the rates changed, new stamps with new values were added. Never before had a stamp series included so many fractional cent values.