Wednesday, September 28, 2016

"The Clown" by Georges Henri Rouault 5.6.1971

"The Clown" by Georges Henri Rouault (27 May 1871 – 13 February 1958) was a French Fauvist and Expressionist painter, and printmaker in lithography and etching.
Rouault was born in Paris into a poor family. His mother encouraged his love for the arts, and in 1885 the fourteen-year-old Rouault embarked on an apprenticeship as a glass painter and restorer, which lasted until 1890. This early experience as a glass painter has been suggested as a likely source of the heavy black contouring and glowing colours, likened to leaded glass, which characterize Rouault's mature painting style. During his apprenticeship, he also attended evening classes at the School of Fine Arts, and in 1891, he entered the Ecole des Beaux-Arts, the official art school of France. There he studied under Gustave Moreau and became his favorite student. Rouault's earliest works show a symbolism in the use of colour that probably reflects Moreau's influence, and when Moreau died in 1898, Rouault was nominated as the curator of the Moreau Museum in Paris.                      

Tuesday, September 27, 2016

Gaston Ramon 27.5.1967

Gaston Ramon (September 30, 1886 - June 8, 1963) was a French veterinarian and biologist best known for his role in the treatment of diphtheria and tetanus.
He was born in Bellechaume (Yonne, France) and attended l'École vétérinaire d'Alfort from 1906 to 1910. In 1917 he married Marthe Momont, grandniec of Emile Roux.
During the 1920s, Ramon, along with P. Descombey, made major contributions to the development of effective vaccines for both diphtheria and tetanus. In particular, he developed a method for inactivating the diphtheria toxin and the tetanus toxin using formaldehyde which, in its essentials, is still used in vaccines manufactured today. He also developed a method for determining the potency of the vaccines, an essential element required for the reproducible production of these pharmaceuticals.
A collection of his papers is held at the National Library of Medicine in Bethesda, Maryland. 

Monday, September 26, 2016

Raymond Gid - Poster Art 1.3.1986

Raymond Gid . Born on November 25, 1905, died Sunday November 12, 2000 in Paris Raymond Gid became first known through his posters, after having studied at les Beaux-Arts.
As a film enthusiast, he designed many movie posters, for example Vampyr de Dreyer (photomontage, 1932), Le Silence de la mer by Melville (1949), Les Diaboliques by Clouzot (1955). But a meeting with Guy Levis Mano (editions GLM), editor and typographer, soon directed Gid towards the book. In 1935, he publishes, together with the photographer Pierre Jahan Devot Christ de Perpignan and Chats, Chiens by Ylla. It is an intensive period of his life period: he meets Dufy, Corbusier, Hake, Lurcat and receives the gold medal for a poster at the International exhibition of Paris (1937). He reacts to the Civil War in Spain with a poster " Help to the civil populations ".

Sunday, September 25, 2016

ARPHILA75, Paris 19.4.1975

The FDC and stamp commemorate ARPHILA75 The International Philatelic Exhibition in Paris in 1975.

Saturday, September 24, 2016

Jean-Honoré Fragonard - The Study 22.1.1972

The Painting “The Study” or The Song depicted on the stamp is by Jean-Honore Fragonard (French, 1732-1806). Oil on canvas. It is displayed in the Musée du Louvre.
Jean-Honoré Fragonard (4 April 1732 – 22 August 1806) was a French painter and printmaker whose late Rococo manner was distinguished by remarkable facility, exuberance, and hedonism. One of the most prolific artists active in the last decades of the Ancien Régime, Fragonard produced more than 550 paintings (not counting drawings and etchings), of which only five are dated. Among his most popular works are genre paintings conveying an atmosphere of intimacy and veiled eroticism.

Friday, September 23, 2016

Robert Albert Charles Esnault-Pelterie 27.5.1967

Robert Albert Charles Esnault-Pelterie (November 8, 1881 – December 6, 1957) was a pioneering French aircraft designer and spaceflight theorist.
He was born on November 8, 1881 in Paris to a textile industrialist. He was educated at the Faculté des Sciences, studying engineering at the Sorbonne.
He served in World War I and was made an Officier de la Légion d'Honneur.
In November, 1928, on board the Ile de France while sailing to New York, he was married to Carmen Bernaldo de Quirós, the daughter of Don Antonio and Yvonne Cabarrus, and granddaughter of General Marquis of Santiago, Grandee of Spain, Head of the Military Household of Queen Isabella II.
He died on December 6, 1957 in Geneva.

Thursday, September 22, 2016

Alberto Magnelli

Alberto Magnelli (1 July 1888 – 20 April 1971) was an Italian artist who gained some fame in the early 20th century as an artist, despite lacking a formal art education.  When in Paris, he met Picasso and adopted a cubist style of painting around the time when this painting, Virginia, was completed.   He later went onto paint in a futurist style.

Thank you Merja.