Friday, August 28, 2015
900th Centenary of Abd-al-Rahman III the Emir and Caliph of Córdoba 9.6.1991
Merja sent me this FDC featuring Abd-al-Rahman III who was the Emir and Caliph of Córdoba of the Ummayad dynasty in al-Andalus. He ascended the throne in his early 20s, and reigned for half a century as the most powerful prince of Iberia.
Abd-ar-Rahman III ( 889/91 – 15 October 961) was the Emir and Caliph of Córdoba (912–961) of the Ummayad dynasty in al-Andalus. Called al-Nasir li-Din Allah ("the Defender of God's Faith"), he ascended the throne in his early 20s, and reigned for half a century as the most powerful prince of Iberia. Although people of all creeds enjoyed tolerance and freedom of religion under his rule, he repelled the Fatimids, partly by supporting their Maghrawa enemies in North Africa, and partly byclaiming the title Caliph (ruler of the Islamic world) for himself.
Abd-ar-Rahman III's mother Muzna was a Christian captive, possibly from the Pyrenean region. His paternal grandmother Onneca Fortúnez was a Christian princess from the Kingdom of Pamplona. In his immediate ancestry, Abd-ar-Rahman III was Hispano–Basque and Arab.