Saturday, March 22, 2014
EUROPA 1983 - Cyprus - The Great Achievements of the Human Genius 3.5.1983
Ever since 1961 Cyprus has been releasing Europa stamp series. The common subject decided by CEPT for this year refers to "The Great Achievements of the Human Genius". One of the two stamps released by Cyprus is dedicated to the Cypriot syllabary and the other to the mining, smelting, marketing and use of cooper and bronze.
Copper and bronze, well known to the Cypriots since the Chalcolithic Age (4000-2500 B.C.), became a main product of mining and smelting during the Early and Middle Bronze Ages (2500-1650 B.C.). In the Late Bronze Age (1560-1050 B.C.) bronze was massively exported in the form of ingot. The copper mines and smelting workshops found everywhere in Cyprus show the high exploitation of copper and bronze, while the various tools, weapons, utensils, coins, jewellery, statues etc found in almost every archaeological excavation indicate their use in every day life.
The Cypriot syllabary, according to recent archaeological research, was in use in the 10th century B.C., although its extensive use was during the 5th and 4th century B.C. It was abolished in 312 B.C. when Ptolemy A' introduced the Greek alphabet. It consists of about 55 symbols, each one representing either a vowel or a syllable, and has been deciphered through the comparative study of the Greek and the Cypriot syllabary texts of the bilingual inscriptions.
Thank you Merja.