Wednesday, September 11, 2013
Honouring All those Who Served in World War II - 9.5.1946
On 9.5.1946 the U.S.P.S issued a 3c Dark Violet coloured stamp which honours all those who served in World War II and pictures the Honourable Discharge Emblem. The five stars surrounding the emblem honour those who died in each of the five services – Army, Navy, Coast Guard, Marines, and Merchant Marines.
Honourable discharge is awarded to those members of the armed forces who receive a rating between good and excellent for their service. While honourable discharge is usually given to those who complete their term of service, those who don’t complete their time can receive the honour as long as they’re not discharged due to misconduct.
Some of the earliest plans for a multi-service honourable discharge patch originated in 1919 following World War I. The purpose was to allow honourably discharged individuals to wear their uniforms for a period of time after leaving the service if they couldn’t afford civilian clothes.
The original design was similar to the eagle on the Presidential Seal, but was changed in 1943 by Franklin Roosevelt and Winston Churchill. Their new design pictured an eagle preparing for flight, called “The Eagle Has Flown.” This was meant to coincide with the first major Allied offensives against the Axis Powers in the Pacific and Atlantic.
The emblem is also known by another name – “ruptured duck.” This name is credited to actress Hedy Lamarr, wife of Friedrich Mandl, the owner of several German arms factories. According to legend, Lamarr created countless revolutionary ideas that improved weapon design and production, which made her husband jealous. Fearing for her life, Lamarr fled to America where she described her escape as a hazardous flight on a “segeltuch gebrochen” or broken bird. The more literal translation of the phrase is “ruptured duck.” When women working in the manufacturing plant that produced the honourable discharge pins heard her story, they began labelling the boxes “ruptured ducks” partially in honour of her story and also because policy at the time required that boxes be labelled something other than what they contained, to confuse enemy agents.
The Army and Navy adopted the honourable discharge emblem on November 9, 1944. The emblem is worn above the right front pocket on all outer uniforms.