Monday, January 14, 2013
Famous Castles of Switzerland
In 1909, a small group of patriotic and charitably minded personalities led by the St. Gallen businessman Albert Schuster initiated the "Swiss National Day Donation". Its guiding idea was to mark the Swiss National Day with a collective act by the population. An annual collection was intended to increase solidarity in the country. The noble aim of the initiators was supported by the Federal Council from the very beginning.
With the aid of the Post Office, a valuable fund-raising instrument was introduced in 1910, namely the National Day postcards and, from 1938, the National Day stamps (known as Pro Patria stamps since 1952). The charitable surcharge (carriage surcharge) on these specially created miniature works of art was earmarked for social and cultural works.
The 1976 Pro Patria stamps on this cover featured famous castles of Switzerland. Brief details of these castles are given below. Maria gave me this FDC.
Kyburg Castle is a castle in the municipality of Kyburg and the canton of Zurich in Switzerland. It is a Swiss heritage site of national significance.
Murten Castle. The castle dates to the time of Count Peter of Savoy II who ordered its construction in 1255. Under the castle gate, dating from 1516, much rebuilding took place.Today’s castle is from 1755. Step through the entry and immediately look on the ground. You’ll find the outline, in stone, of the original castle water well. The tall quadrangular tower or the keep, known as the “Luegisland,” served as a watch tower for Adrian von Bubenberg so that he could oversee the Battle of Murten.
Grandson Castle (French: Château de Grandson ) is a medieval castle in the Swiss municipality of Gran
dson in the canton of Vaud. It is a Swiss heritage site of national significance. The Lords of Grandson were first mentioned in the second half of the 11th Century. The castle was probably built around the same time. Over the following century, as the Lords of Grandson expanded their power, they often came into conflict with the nearby monastery of Romainmôtier.
The Three Castles of Bellinzona are a group of fortifications located around the town of Bellinzona in canton Ticino, Switzerland. The group is composed of Castelgrande, castle Montebello, castle Sasso Corbaro and fortified walls.